Статьи рубрики | International transport law

Scientific specialty:

12.00.10 “International law; European law”

Aleksandr P. Dzhabiev. Chinese megaproject «One Belt One Road (OBOR)»: prospects for the international transport infrastructure development and the world economy revitalization

UDK: 339.9


Aleksandr P. Dzhabiev - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. During the existence of the Silk Road that united East and West in trade, economy, diplomacy and culture, there occurred significant transformations, but the Silk Road has retained its role of intercivilizational dialogue and a connection between countries and continents. Under dynamically changing external environment, the mankind is witnessing the increasing activity of the Silk Road, its geopolitical significance, as today a number of countries is proposing new initiatives to revive the Silk Road. The paper studies the prospects and opportunities to implement the Chinese megaproject ‘One Belt One Road (OBOR)’, aimed at reviving the Silk Road. The results of the 2nd Forum of International Cooperation ‘One Belt One Road (OBOR)’ have been analyzed. The author thinks, that the main reasons to form and implement this project is the global economy growth decrease, as well as an increase in the use of protectionist measures in the system of world economic relations. It has been noted that this project, which envisages the establishment of trade and economic relations between Asia and Europe through the implementation of large-scale transport and logistics infrastructure projects, corresponds to the global economy development. There has been argued a conclusion, that due to the intensification of international transport route construction, the Russia's most important strategic task is to use the Chinese initiative to gain substantial economic dividends based on close mutually beneficial and comprehensive cooperation.

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Elena N. Rudakova, Boris L. Skrynchenko, Olga Al. Dmitrieva, Vladimir D. Moroz. The World Customs Organization’s role in the improvement of international legislation to enhance customs cooperation

UDK: 339.543:061.1(100)


Elena N. Rudakova - Doctor of Political Sciences, docent, head of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Boris L. Skrynchenko - Candidate of Economic Sciences, professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Olga Al. Dmitrieva - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Vladimir D. Moroz - Candidate of Historical Sciences, docent, senior lecturer of the department of economic theory and military economy, Federal state government military educational institution of higher education "Military University" of the Ministry Defence of Russia


Abstract. This article discusses the issues to unite customs authorities, institutions and organizations that provide a solution to multidisciplinary, common and integral tasks. As the system of customs authorities and its individual components play a major and very important role in the process of customs activity, they are to ensure compliance with the rules and procedures defined in the process of customs regulation through customs administration and the functional component of the customs regulation process. By harmonizing the regulatory framework, it becomes possible for the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) to enter the world economy. The main results of the work are the conducted analysis of the current state of relations between the World Customs Organization and the members of the EAEU and the defined possibility for early integration of the EAEU into the World Customs Organization. The topic is relevant, as a constant increase in the foreign trade volume and the increasing duties of the customs authorities, the use of information systems and technologies becomes most important for the customs. The use of information systems increases the control over the participants of foreign economic activity, accelerates the process of customs clearance and customs procedures. As a result, the authors came to the conclusion that the introduction of more profitable mechanisms to promote Russia's position in the EAEU and to introduce innovations in the domestic productive complex will make it possible to apply customs tariff regulation measures more effectively.

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Dariya D. Motasova. International legal regulation of the use of pilotless aerial vehicles

UDK: 341.9


Dariya D. Motasova - deputy General Director of LLC "Spetssetistroy"


Abstract. In the world there is currently a "boom" of pilotless aerial vehicles (PAVs). The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) estimates that the market for drones will reach 7 million FAA by 2020, and predicts a market growth of 2.8 times. The authorities of different countries consider that a sharp increase in the number of PAV launches requires special monitoring control [1]. According to the SESAR forecast, prepared with the support of the Boston Consulting Group, the flights of drones over a densely populated urban area in the countries of the European Union will occur for 250 million hours annually by 2050. In the countryside the number of PAVs will be smaller, but even in this case hundreds and thousands of PAVs will move in the air. The restriction of the ‘flights height and the prohibition to fly over any objects or territories increase the traffic density [2]. The concern is that in case of a targeted terrorist attack or a "small" cyber war, for example, the supply of electricity, the work of hospitals, airports, and industrial facilities can be stopped. Therefore, the question of PAVs’ application is of great relevance nowadays.

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Aleksandr P. Dzhabiev. Prospects for a qualitative transition to a unified transport (automobile) control system on the external border of the Eurasian Economic Union

UDK: 339.9


Aleksandr P. Dzhabiev - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The article is devoted to the present problem of the formation and improvement of a unified transport (automobile) control system on the external border of the EAEU when entering the territory of the Member States or leaving this territory. There has been given a general characteristic of the formation of a single information base to obtain information about the results of transport control. The author has justified the idea that one of the main strategic directions for the formation of a unified transport (automobile) control system is the development of road infrastructure to help enhance the participation of the EAEU in the global development of world economic relations. The author makes the conclusion that in the development of foreign economic relations between the EAEU member states, road transport plays a special role in the freight delivery to establish close foreign economic relations between geographically distant countries and regions in all sectors of the economy.

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Pavlov Andrey V. Functioning features of the transport organizations under international sanctions and countermeasures of the Russian Federation

UDK: 339.98:656


Pavlov Andrey V. - head advisor of the transport-logistics company "Transoil"


Abstract. The article considers the features of transport organizations’ business activities under economic sanctions and economic countermeasures taken by Russia against a number of foreign countries. There has been substantiated necessity to consider a sanctions regime as a special mode of business activity. The author identifies specificity of the application of civil legal protection means of rights and legal interests of transport entities under economic sanctions of foreign countries and the countermeasures of the Russian Federation. This specificity appears in the prevalence of jurisdictional forms of protection, the main of which is a legal recourse or a lawsuit, both national and international, as well as in the increasing role of state regulation of entrepreneurship, state support and state protection of domestic business entities which incur losses and other economic costs because of economic sanctions and Russia’s countermeasures.

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Kholikov Ivan V. International legal aspects of the Transport Strategy of the Russian Federation in the field of medical support for transport

UDK: 341.01


Kholikov Ivan V. - doctor of Law, professor, professor of the department of state-juridical disciplines of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation


Abstract. The article deals with the problematic issues of harmonization of RF legislation in the field of medical support for transport with the international law. The particular attention is paid to compliance with the requirements of such international organizations as the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Labor Organization, the International Maritime Organization and the World Health Organization. The paper gives an overview of the national enactments regulating the issues of medical support of flight safety, as well as the regulation of medical-sanitary care for sailors in the Russian Federation. There has been substantiated the necessity to align he national legislation in the field of medical support for transport with the international legal obligations of the Russian Federation.

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