Ivan V. Kholikov - main researcher, professor, Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation
Mariya S. Kupriyanovich - Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation
Abstract. The current paper is devoted to problematic issues related to the deepening of contradictions between members of the world community in the Arctic region, due to the aggravation of the international situation because of ongoing global processes. The emerging threats to the national security of the Russian Federation in the Arctic gives rise to the necessity to maintain defense potential and strategic stability of the Russian Federation in the Arctic, as well as to provide favorable conditions for a fair delimitation of maritime spaces in the interests of the country’s socio-economic development. Due to it, the importance of the Northern Sea Route as one of the most effective tools for ensuring the interests of Russia in the Arctic is of great urgency, the use of which relates to several factors that invariably contain an international political component. There have been considered in detail the issues of the formation, development and functioning of the Northern Sea Route. There have been substantiated the conclusions about its strategic importance in ensuring Russia’s interests in the Arctic, which are focused on the economic and social development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Arctic; Arctic Council; Northern Sea Route; National security.
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