Статьи рубрики | Criminal and legal measures of fight against transport crimes

Scientific specialties:

12.00.08 “Criminal law and criminology; Criminal Executive Law”

12.00.09 “Criminal Procedure”

12.00.12 “Criminalistics; Forensic activity; Operational investigations”

Marina An. Popova. Transport thefts as a type of mercenary crime: state and development trends

UDK: 343.7


Marina An. Popova - post graduate of the department ‘Criminal law, criminal procedure and criminalistics’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. In Criminal law, a mercenary motive is one of the predominant motives that has a criminal and legal value due to its rather frequent consolidation in criminal law norms, both as an obligatory sign of the subjective side of the crime, and as an additional or optional one. Meanwhile, in the criminal legislation there is neither legal definition of a mercenary motive, nor a section or chapter highlighting the list of mercenary crimes that make up the predominant part of modern crime. The gap is filled up by the various interpretations of both a mercenary motive and mercenary crimes, accompanied by their multiple classifications according to various criteria. Undoubtedly, a theft is one of the mercenary crimes, which is a significant part of all registered criminality in the Russian Federation, as well as crimes committed on transport. In this regard, the current paper has presented a brief criminological description of thefts committed on rail, air, river and maritime modes of transport. For this purpose, the author has analyzed the dynamics of thefts for the period from 2015-2019, identifying and evaluating their share in the structure of transport crime. The author has noted that the greatest number of thefts was committed annually in rail transport, therefore, they could act as a statistical image of thefts committed on transport. This fact has predetermined the author’s choice when characterizing the state and dynamics of certain types of thefts, including those committed on trains, at railway stations and stations, theft of goods on railway transport, theft of petroleum products, metals.

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Tatiana Al. Dikanova. On the criminality state on railway, water and air transport in 2015-2019

UDK: 343.9:656


Tatiana Al. Dikanova - Doctor of Law, head of the department of scientific support for prosecutorial supervision and strengthening the law in the activities of customs and transport of the Research Institute of the University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation, honorary worker of the prosecutor's office


Abstract. The current paper has presented the analysis of the criminality state on railway, water and air transport and the fight against it over a five-year period, of the factors contributing to crime, crime prevention measures. There have been shown the main causes of criminality on transport, the features of the activities of law enforcement agencies in transport to enforce the rule of law in the transport sector. There have been identified the disadvantages of the current statistical reports on criminality in transport. There have been made the suggestions to improve law enforcement in transport.

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Oleg Al. Antonov. Detention of a person suspected in a transport crime

UDK: 343.9


Oleg Al. Antonov - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. All modes of transport and objects of transport infrastructure are subject to disasters, accidents, incidents and other events that can happen there. Sometimes they are technogenic in nature, but more often they are the result of the so-called human factor. In addition, in the transport sphere there are also crimes of a general criminal nature. In most cases, perpetrators are identified and arrested. The current paper reveals the difference between criminal procedural detention and administrative detention and similar restrictive-compulsory actions. There have been considered in detail conditions and motives for the detention of a suspected criminal. There have been revealed the legal consequences of compiling a detention protocol and the significance of the interrogation of a suspect. The author insists on the promptness of the first interrogation of the suspect immediately after detention. It has been also proposed to abandon the practice of detaining a suspect in the investigator’s office after his preliminary interrogation as a witness.

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Vladimir E. Sudenko. Consideration of railway transport features in solving transport criminal cases

UDK: 343.1


Vladimir E. Sudenko - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport, honorary worker of higher education of the Russian Federation


Abstract. The current paper has considered the specific railway transport features, which should be taken into account when investigating and solving transport criminal cases. There has been given a description of the rules and regulations for railway transport, related to investigating and solving transport criminal cases. Particular attention has been paid to the concept of «special knowledge» in relation to railway transport. When investigating transport criminal cases committed on the mentioned mode of transport, it is necessary to take into account that the movement of railway transport is a single production process that incorporates relatively independent stages, namely boarding passengers and loading goods into passenger and freight trains; transportation of passengers and goods from one point to another; unloading of passengers and cargo at a destination point. Each of these elements has its own specific operations carried out during the preparation, organization and implementation of railway transportation. The objects of railway transport are complex engineering structures, and their use is initially qualified by law as a source of increased danger. In view of the foregoing, the current paper states that, in order to ensure the rights and legitimate interests of citizens and public interests protected by criminal law in the field of railway transport, it is necessary for the investigator, to have both legal knowledge and special knowledge in the field of human interaction with railway equipment in general, as well as knowledge of the operating rules of railway transport.

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Aleksandr S. Parshakov. Security on transport: features of the prevention of crimes committed by military personnel

UDK: 343


Aleksandr S. Parshakov - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport , senior researcher of the research department of the Military University of the Ministry of Defence of Russia, honorary worker of the Prosecutor’s Office, retired colonel of justice


Abstract. The current paper has considered the features of the prevention of crimes committed by military personnel dealing with road and transport operation safety. The author has studied the main directions and specific measures to prevent the commitment of crimes by military personnel, based on the nature of the causes and conditions provoking their commission, as well as the consequences of their commission. The author has emphasized that these areas and measures are provided for by normative legal acts in the field of traffic security enforcement and crime prevention. One of the key roles belongs to the Road Safety Strategy in the Russian Federation for 2018-2024, which is aimed at eliminating and neutralizing the causes and conditions provoking the commission of road traffic accidents, including in the army and navy. Based on an analysis of departmental normative acts, the author has considered specific crime prevention measures, the implementation of which could ensure the driving and operational safety of military and special vehicles by military personnel. In addition to traditional measures to counteract criminal violation of the driving or operating of military and special vehicles, the author has proposed to increase the efficiency to detect latent offenses committed by military personnel and the victimological aspect in the transport sector.

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Vladimir Al. Zhavoronkov. Characteristics of road traffic accidents at railway crossings and measures to prevent them

UDK: 343.3/.7


Vladimir Al. Zhavoronkov - senior lecturer of the department of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport, telec121.57@mail.ru


Abstract. The current paper has considered the issues characterizing the features of the mechanism of road traffic accidents (hereinafter - accidents) committed at railway crossings of various categories (equipped with a full range of automatic safety devices or equipped with several of its elements), and the reasons that cause them. There has been considered a final stage of the accident and the consequences of a train hitting the railway crossings or a motor vehicle stuck in railway tracks. In addition, the author has studied the features of the actions of traffic participants, in particular, the psychophysiological aspects of drivers’ behavior while waiting for the opening at the railway crossings and while crossing the railway tracks, as well as about their impact on the possibility of a hazardous traffic situation. Determining the causes of accidents at railway crossings, as well as factors affecting the possibility of their occurrence, the current paper has proposed some specific measures to prevent these accidents. The main idea is a differentiated approach to the solving of problems associated with traffic safety organizations at these facilities, including the elimination of railway crossings in regions with an extensive road network and high traffic density of vehicles and trains. The paper has also analyzed the opinions of some authors, set out in recent scientific sources, which have studied the problems of ensuring traffic safety at railway crossings and determined the main directions for its improvement.

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Olga V. Novikova. The current state of crime on railway transport

UDK: 343.346.8


Olga V. Novikova - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department 'Criminal law, criminal procedure and criminalistics' of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Transport is the most important branch of the Russian economy, therefore the successful implementation of the state economic strategy and the normal functioning of industry, agriculture and trade depend on the efficiency of its work. The number of crimes on transport in the whole country has decreased since 2013, however, there has been seen their growth in 2017. According to forecasts, by the end of 2019 the number of crimes can well exceed the level of 2013. Judicial-investigatory practice on the railway shows that the greatest public danger and material damage is caused precisely by the theft of goods committed directly from rolling stock. The rates of crimes in the field of railway freight currently remain high. The crimes under consideration have a peculiar specificity, due to the work of the railway transport itself, which significantly complicates their prompt detection, clearance and prevention. The current paper provides statistics on the types of crimes that are committed on railway transport. It has been noted that transport crimes are latent. When developing measures to prevent crimes on railway, it is especially necessary to take into account the causes of latency and the specific features of railway lines.

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Sergey An. Taraskaev. Problems and prospects of forensic research of locking and sealing devices used on freight trains

UDK: 343.9


Sergey An. Taraskaev - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department of informational technologies in jurisprudence and document supply of management, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The paper discusses the current state and prospects of forensic research of locking and sealing devices used in the freight transportation by railway. There has been given statistical information of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs on the theft of railway freights committed from 2017 to present. It has been noted that the investigation of these crimes is of great difficulty, since on average 35% of all recorded crimes remain unsolved over the year. There has been considered the general characteristic of locking and sealing devices permitted in the Russian Federation and used in the railway freight transportation. The author makes a conclusion that the expert’s opinion is a reliable source of evidence used in criminal proceedings. The paper has analyzed the objectives of the forensic research of locking and sealing devices, the object and stages of the study. The author has considered the main methods of unauthorized impact on locking and sealing devices. There has been formulated an approximate list of issues that can be solved by trace evidence examination. The author has also come to the conclusion that in order to improve the forensic expert activity on establishing methods and mechanisms for unauthorized impact on locking and sealing devices used in railway transport facilities it is necessary to develop a modern unified integrated methodology. In the author’s opinion the methodology may include uniform recommendations for forensic experts with reference materials on the dismantling algorithm for locking and sealing devices with photographic materials, and systematization of possible methods of unauthorized impact on locking and sealing devices according to the experience in this field.

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Vladimir E. Sudenko. Traffic accidents and transport crimes: their reasons and the problems of dealing with them

UDK: 343.346


Vladimir E. Sudenko - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department 'Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics', Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), honorary worker of higher education of the Russian Federation


Abstract. The paper considers the provisions of criminal and criminal procedural law that determine the criminality and penalty of road accidents, as well as certain difficulties in their disclosure and investigation. There have been identified certain causes and favorable conditions for their commission. There have been considered some drawbacks of legislative, organizational and technical nature do not contribute to the timely prevention and disclosure of such socially dangerous acts. It has been concluded that a complete, comprehensive and objective study of the transport incidents, accidents and crimes is possible on the basis of a clear interaction among various humanitarian (including legal) and natural, i.e. technical, construction, forensic sciences, each of which studies these actions from its own point of view by the use of specific methods, tools and technologies.

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Valeriy L. Popov. Transport expertise as evidence in court

UDK: 347.463


Valeriy L. Popov - senior lecturer of the department of the department of criminal law, criminal procedure and criminalistics, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The article deals with the issues of the methodology and practice of forensic examinations, as one of the main types of evidence related to the detection and investigation of crimes envisaged by the Art. 263 of the Russian Criminal Code "Violation of the safety rules of traffic and operation of rail, air, sea and inland waterway transport and metro." There have been described the causes and conditions that affected the absence of forensic experts and uniform scientific-developed expert techniques for the study of railway and water transport in Russia. There have been given the recommendations that can contribute to the development of forensic methods and professional expert standards for certain types of transport on the basis of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), which do not currently exist.

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