Статьи рубрики | Information and legal enforcement of transport activity and security

Scientific specialty:

12.00.13 “Information law”

Alla V. Pavlova. Current state and prospects of digitalization of freight railway transport and logistics in Russia

UDK: 338.47


Alla V. Pavlova - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department of Customs Law and Organization of the Customs Affairs of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport, alpav71@mail.ru


Abstract. The digitalization level of Russian railway transport and logistics is currently behind the world level. The reasons are largely economic, since customers consider most of the services that have car park management systems and telemetry systems of objects to be redundant, and are not ready to invest in them. The digitalization is hampered by the imperfection of regulatory structure, as well as by the lack of standards to integrate solutions from different manufacturers. Nevertheless, by 2025 in the Russian railways due to the introduction of digital technologies, it has been planned to reduce the share of operating costs for information systems to 5% per year. It is expected that improvement of the operating model of information technology will allow conducting «optimization» of 15% of IT staff and save up to 1.2 billion rubles on purchases. The current paper considers the results of digitalization in the freight railway industry of the Russian Federation, as well as the prospects for the application and development of digital technologies to optimize the costs of commercial structures and the state, increase competitiveness in the domestic and international markets.

Статья целиком →

Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva, Albina Yu. Misak. Ensuring transportation safety in the context of digitalization

UDK: 656:005.932


Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department of Theory of Law and Natural Resource Law of the Law Institute, Russian University of Transport

Albina Yu. Misak - post-graduate of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The rapid development of modern technologies based on the use of a distributed list and other information innovations has resulted in the emergence of a fundamentally different system of economic relations, called “digital”. One of the key areas of the Russian Federation activity is the development of the digital economy. Currently digitalization is the main factor in the development of transport infrastructure and the transport services sector. The issue of transport modernization occupies a serious position in many foreign strategies for the development of the digital economy. A prosperous digital economy requires uniform legal provisions, and at the same time, this unified set of laws should not hamper the spread of innovation and progress in the digital economy. The current paper has considered the issues related to changes in transport services in going to a digital economy. The transportation system plays a huge role in the development of any state. Due to new technologies transport services are increasingly shifting to the digital market, becoming an integral part of the digital economy. As for the ensuring the railway transport safety in the context of the new “digital” regulation, the railway infrastructure is a critical infrastructure, and therefore various failures can potentially result in both disruption of railway transport, and in disruption of the life of one country, and possibly of several countries at the same time. As a result of the study, there has been concluded that one of the key concerns is that technology is developing rapidly, but the relevant legislation is of a risk to lag behind.

Статья целиком →

Vera V. Smirnova, Sergey A. Pravkin. Problems of regulatory support of autonomous (unmanned) railway transport

UDK: 347.463:656.2


Vera V. Smirnova - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Sergey A. Pravkin - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The current paper has considered the legal regulation of autonomous railway transport in the Russian Federation. Partially or fully autonomous (unmanned) railway transport operates in many countries, including the Russian Federation. The use of unmanned trains will improve carrying capacity, guarantee the transportation security, use energy more efficiently, reduce delays, improve the clarity and promptness of the transportation, since there is no human factor. The technologies in this area are developing rapidly. In the unmanned transport sector, the technologies used on the metro lines have advanced significantly. Therefore, at present, there is a necessity in legal regulation of both autonomous (unmanned) transport in general, and specific types of such transport. The authors have analyzed the Russian legislation and foreign countries, regulating unmanned vehicles. Particular attention has been paid to railway transport. It has been noted that in Russia and abroad there is no proper legal regulation of autonomous (unmanned) railway transport. Automation of railway transportation requires comprehensive measures to ensure the transportation safety. There has been concluded that it is essential to eliminate gaps in domestic legislation by adopting a new law and introducing amendments and additions to the existing legislation.

Статья целиком →

Irina Al. Grebenkina, Svetlana Al. Grebenkina, Alla L. Blagodir. The current status and development trends of the infocommunication transport infrastructure in the Russian Federation

UDK: 656:005.932


Irina Al. Grebenkina - Candidate of law, associate professor of the department of Civil law and Procedure of M.M. Speransky Law faculty in the Institute of Law and National Security of RANEPA, senior lecturer of the department of Civil Law of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)

Svetlana Al. Grebenkina - senior lecturer of the department of the Analysis of Risks and Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

Alla L. Blagodir - Doctor of Law, professor of the department of Labour Law and Social Security Law at the Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)


Abstract. Despite the recognition of the importance of the digital transformation of transport infrastructure as the basis of life safety, social and economic development of the country, the technical, legal and financial regulations of the digitalization of the transport complex, a detailed assessment of the impact of digital transport technologies on social and economic processes in modern society remain completely unexplored. The new challenges of globalization, integration and digitalization of the global economy necessitate the permanent improvement of transport infrastructure, the growing demand for the development and use of highly automated vehicles in recent years. The current paper has estimated the current state of the infocommunication transport infrastructure in Russia based on the analysis of statistical data, has identified the advantages and key system-wide problems of the domestic transport industry. There have been determined the vectors of the Russian transport system development, the directions of the scientific and technical policy of the modern transport industry of the Russian Federation to ensure the competitiveness of the state in the international arena, to improve its socio-economic growth and national security, relying on successful foreign experience, in particular, of the USA, Singapore, Japan, China, Germany. There have been identified the promising areas of the use of unmanned vehicles to improve the quality of people’s lifestyle, to develop entrepreneurship, new technologically advanced industries, and inaccessible territories with the aim to deliver minerals, to increase the investment attractiveness of our country and to strengthen its position in the international arena. The current paper has identified the factors hindering the widespread use of highly automated vehicles on public roads in Russia, and ways to overcome them. There has been analyzed the regime of the “regulatory sandbox” and attempts to legislatively consolidate it in Russia and abroad.

This work was financed by the RFBR under an agreement No. 19-29-06069\19.

Статья целиком →

Elena Ig. Cheremina. The impact of digital technology on transport industry modernization

UDK: 656:005.932


Elena Ig. Cheremina - Master’s Degree student, Volga State University of Water Transport


Abstract. Artificial intelligence research has had a boom in the past few decades. This happened mainly due to the groundbreaking results of the 1960s and 1970s, including the use of advanced neural networks (NNs). The main area where artificial intelligence is on its peak, is transport. There is no doubt that the transport system is experiencing a huge transformation, and the traditional transport industry is keen into a new development vector using digital technologies. It is important to understand the directions in which national security issues are formed in the field of transport, based on digital transformation and various processes of technical interaction through networks and neural networks, which can pose a threat to national security without proper legal regulation. The paper has discussed the issues related to the impact of information and communication technologies in the transport industry, which can result in rapid and multiple transformations. The transport and logistics sector is experiencing a huge transformation as due to market trends the new technological solutions come into everyday use. As the complexity of modern transport and logistics grows, it becomes increasingly difficult to understand what to focus on in the short- and long-term prospect and what to invest in.

Статья целиком →

Aleksandr V. Vlasov, Tatiyana V. Shtepa. To the question of ERP-systems application in foreign economic activity and logistics

UDK: 339.9


Aleksandr V. Vlasov - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Tatiyana V. Shtepa - post-graduate, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Modern digital technologies have transformed the transportation system and opened up new horizons in its development. The formation of “digital transport and logistics” should be based on the existing transport system framework, but at the same time there should be taken into account changing market and economic conditions. The paper deals with the process of implementing information technology in logistics, while considering the positive results that are reflected in the enterprise activities. The paper has analyzed some aspects of the application of digital technologies of ERP-systems to develop transport and logistics. ERP-systems help companies comprehensively manage working processes. If you correctly identify the tasks and clearly distinguish among responsibility areas, the integration of the ERP-system in logistics will help to obtain significant advantages over competitors.

Статья целиком →

Ekaterina S. Zalozhnykh. Main concepts and legal regulation of advertising on vehicles (and with their use) in Russia

UDK: 659:34


Ekaterina S. Zalozhnykh - post graduate of the department of administrative law, ecological law, information law, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The paper deals with the main concepts and legal regulation of advertising on vehicles (and with their use). The paper reveals the relevance of this type of outdoor advertising, its attractiveness to advertisers. The main issue of the paper is a legal regulation of advertising on vehicles (and with their use) in the Russian Federation.

Статья целиком →

Lyudmila M. Gruzdeva. Transport information infrastructure as an object for computer attacks

UDK: 656(075.8):681


Lyudmila M. Gruzdeva - Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate professor of the department of informational technologies in jurisprudence, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport, professor of the Russian Academy of Natural History (RANH)


Abstract. In accordance with the current legislation, transport information systems are the objects of the critical information infrastructure of the Russian Federation. At present, there is paid an increased attention to ensuring the functioning of the state system of detection, prevention and elimination of the consequences of computer attacks on information resources of the Russian Federation. The paper presents the statistics of the current computer attacks, the objects of which are various sectoral information infrastructures. Transport information systems of Russia and of the world were attacked by cybercriminals using malicious software combined with social engineering and exploitation of web-based vulnerabilities. One of the urgent tasks facing the specialists of information protection services in transport is to prevent information leaks caused by internal intruders who use open data transmission channels.

Статья целиком →

Aleksey V. Minbaleev. The development of Russian legislation on the use of unmanned vehicles in a digital economy

UDK: 629


Aleksey V. Minbaleev - Doctor of Law, main researcher of the sector of information law and international information security, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of the development of Russian legislation on the use of unmanned vehicles. The article presents the analysis of foreign regulation experience of unmanned vehicles. The main legislative initiatives in Russia have been analyzed. The conducted analysis of legislative initiatives in regulation of unmanned vehicles in Russia indicates a number of problems faced by developers. These are, first of all, problems of responsibility in case of people life or health injures of and/or property damages, problems of property and life insurance, responsibility of the developers of such vehicles, etc. All these issues require a mandatory solution.

Статья целиком →

Tatiyana An. Polyakova. The effect of digital economy on the transport industry development and the problems of information security enforcement: the legal aspect

UDK: 656:005.932


Tatiyana An. Polyakova - Doctor of Law, main researcher, acting head of the sector of information law and international information security, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, honored lawyer of the Russian Federation


Abstract. The article is devoted to the legal regulation of the use of information telecommunication technologies in the transport industry in the conditions of digitalization and the implementation of the strategic objectives of the digital economy. There have been also considered the issues of safe use of digital technologies and means of transport, as well as such current trends as “big data”, artificial intelligence, digital platforms for providing passenger traffic. In addition, there have been separately identified the problems of forming a unified scientific and technological space in the transport sector and the related issues of electronic interaction and enforcement of information security.

Статья целиком →