Статьи рубрики | Information and legal enforcement of transport activity and security

Scientific specialty:

12.00.13 “Information law”

Sergey A. Pravkin, Vera V. Smirnova. Information technology in the transport sector: legal aspect

UDK: 004.89:656


Sergey A. Pravkin - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law’, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport

Vera V. Smirnova - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law’, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The digital transformation of transportation is a consequence of the implementation of transportation into a digital format. Electronic methods of signing a transport contract are of great urgency. The current paper has established that a variety of digital contracts promote rapid development of the transportation market. Information technologies, which are the subject of the contract, are of great importance in the field of transportation. In addition, an important point is to obtain an affordable transport service using information services. Therefore, such services should be developed in transport. The authors of the current paper have concluded that it is necessary to create a new unified operating system for transport management by means of digital technologies and ensure its legal regulation.

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Vladimir Ev. Chebotarev. Issues of information systems’ security enforcement

UDK: 004.056.5(075.8)


Vladimir Ev. Chebotarev - Candidate of Economical Sciences, docent, associate professor of the department “Administrative law, ecological law, information law” of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The problem of information systems’ security and, consequently, information as a key resource in the modern information society is something that all participants of information interaction in all ICT environment sectors face in one way or another. The current paper has analyzed the scientific and legislative approaches to the definition of the concept and essence of the information system, the typology of information systems. As a result, there has been proposed the author’s approach to definition of the investigated object, there has been identified the problem of “trust in the ICT environment”. The author has focused on the uncertainty of the legal regime of information systems, which directly has a negative impact on the efficiency of communication management in information systems and their protection from criminals.

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Aleksey N. Loskutov. New requirements in aviation security. Harmonization of aviation and transport security

UDK: 347.822.4


Aleksey N. Loskutov - inspection shift supervisor of the SAB JSC “Airport Abakan”, Khakass State University named after N.F. Katanov


Abstract. The relevance of the current study is due to the importance of the security of air transportation, the degree of which directly depends on the timely availability of a legal and regulatory procedure for its regulation. In the context of the worldwide development of digital technologies, information security of civil aviation plays an important role in the safe operation of the country's air fleet. The author of the paper has analyzed international and national law in terms of protecting transport infrastructure and vehicles from unauthorized interference in air traffic control systems and transmission of critical information, within the framework of the legislation on aviation and transport security. The current study has used formal logical and comparative methods. Based on the study results, there have been formulated conclusions on the priority tasks of the legislator to bring national law to a unified position, according to the established international practice of ensuring civil aviation security of.

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Tatiyana An. Polyakova, Ignat S. Boychenko, Nataliya An. Troyan. Information and legal support of information security in the transport sector in the context of digital development

UDK: 656:005.932


Tatiyana An. Polyakova - Doctor of Law, main researcher, acting head of the sector of information law and international information security of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, honored lawyer of the Russian Federation

Ignat S. Boychenko - Candidate of Law, researcher of the sector of information law and international information security of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Nataliya An. Troyan - researcher of the sector of information law and international information security of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences


The current paper was prepared as part of the implementation of the state assignment of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Legal regulation of the digital economy, artificial intelligence, information security” (No. 0136-2021-0042).

Abstract. The current paper deals with the information and legal support of information security in the transport sector in the context of digital development. Thus, the development of information and telecommunication technologies and the digitalization of public relations have also affected the field of transport and transport services. There have appeared not only new transportation means, such as unmanned aircraft, but there are also being introduced information systems related to the identification of passengers in transport. The development of electronic interaction between various subjects of information exchange in transport is a consequence of the global digitalization of public relations, which creates certain risks of enforcing information security, a threat to the information transport infrastructure.

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Roman L. Kharlanov. The role of the state in enforcing security of the critical information infrastructure on transport

UDK: 656.078.12


Roman L. Kharlanov - post graduate of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. In connection with the increased role of information security in general, as well as against the background of the Federal Law “On the Security of the Critical Information Infrastructure of the Russian Federation” that has been in effect for almost four years, the issue of enforcing information security on transport and the role of state bodies authorized to solve relevant problems is of great relevance. There have been used formal logical and historical methods in the current study. As a result of the study, the author has formulated conclusions about the priority tasks of state bodies authorized to solve tasks to enforce information security, taking into account new challenges and threats, which, first of all, are due to the most powerful development of end-to-end digital technologies.

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Aleksandr N. Pimenov, Tahir S. Efendiev. Urgent problems of biometric identification on transport

UDK: 621.9.048.7


Aleksandr N. Pimenov - post graduate of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Tahir S. Efendiev - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law’, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The purpose of the current study was a comprehensive analysis of the legal nature of biometric identification and its significance in the context of the transformation of the transport complex. The main methods used in the study were formal-logical and comparative-legal in order to comprehensively analyze the current legislation of Russia, as well as foreign countries in the field of personal biometric data protection. As a result of the study, there have been substantiated the conclusions about the positive value of the use of biometric identification on transport in order to ensure security, as well as the necessity to increase attention of the legislator to the issue of protecting personal data in general, including biometric data.

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Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva, Ekaterina V. Ushakova, Dmitriy G. Tkachenko. Implementation and improvement of legal regulation of digital technologies in the transport system of the Russian Federation

UDK: 347.763:656:005.932


Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department ‘Theory of Law, History of Law and International Law’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Ekaterina V. Ushakova - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department of civil law disciplines of the Moscow Finance and Law Faculty, deputy chairman of the Moscow Bar Association “Victoria”, attorney

Dmitriy G. Tkachenko - lawyer of the LLC «Firm of Social Innovations»


Abstract. The modern development of the Russian Federation and the success of socio-economic transformations in the country largely depend on the development of transport, which is a connecting role between the subjects of the state and between economic objects of economic activity. The expansion of the practical implementation of digital technologies in all spheres of life, including transport and transport communications, infrastructure for ensuring the safety of transport communications, stimulate the necessity for the state to develop an administrative and legal mechanism for legal regulation in the field of digital technologies. Nowadays, digital technologies are being used as a tool for road safety. At the same time, the records made using digital technologies serve as evidence of the commission of offenses in the course of traffic. The current paper has demonstrated the introduction of digital technologies in the technical control of road transport for its safe operation during operation on highways. There has been considered the introduction of databases to protect the rights of persons with disabilities as drivers and passengers of road transport. The use of digital banking and specialized fare cards have become a new element of reality, which has led to the necessity to improve the administrative and legal mechanism in regulating fare payments and ensuring data security. The introduction of digital technologies has become a serious improvement in the protection of the rights of people with disabilities, who can now submit documents in digital form, as well as use an electronic reception for applications. The importance of legal regulation of digital technologies, ensuring the cybersecurity of databases, the use of more evidence obtained using digital technologies are the problems identified in the study of the legal support of digital technologies in ensuring the safety of the functioning of transport and its passengers in Russia.

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Galina Al. Gunderich, Elena V. Latysheva. The role and prospects of artificial intelligence in the field of document flow of transport organizations

UDK: 656.13:681.322


Galina Al. Gunderich - Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate professor of the department of criminal procedure, criminalistics and prosecutor’s participation in criminal proceedings of the Crimean Law Institute (branch) of the University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation

Elena V. Latysheva - Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor, head of the department of documentation and archives of the Crimean Federal University named after V.I. Vernadsky


Abstract. The current paper has studied the role of artificial intelligence in document flow and archives in government and other structures of the Russian Federation. There has been made an attempt to analyze the published works on the research. There have been considered the provisions of the National Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence for the Period up to 2030, approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of October 10, 2019 No. 490 “On the Development of Artificial Intelligence in the Russian Federation”. There have been analyzed the approaches to the implementation of artificial intelligence systems. There has been paid much attention to the issues of digitalization of the prosecutor's office, and to the issue of introducing artificial intelligence technologies into the activities of Russian ministries and federal services. The range of legal problems arising in connection with the use of artificial intelligence technologies is very wide. For this reason, it seems appropriate to study the provisions of the Federal Law of April 24, 2020 No. 123-FZ “On conducting an experiment to establish special regulation in order to create the necessary conditions for the development and implementation of artificial intelligence technologies in the constituent entity of the Russian Federation: in the city of federal significance Moscow and amendments to Articles 6 and 10 of the Federal Law “On Personal Data” and analyze them for practical use. There have been determined the prospects for the use of artificial intelligence in the field of document flow.

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Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva, Mikhail V. Morgunov, Aleksandr V. Romanov. Accessible environment for people with limited mobility on the example of transport in Moscow and its districts (theoretical and legal aspect)

UDK: 656.1


Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department ‘Theory of law, history of law and international law’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Mikhail V. Morgunov - assistant judge, judicial section of the magistrate No. 290 of the Perovo district

Aleksandr V. Romanov - lawyer of the Transport company "Byte Transit Continent"


Abstract. The purpose of the current paper was to consider topical issues related to the development of an accessible environment for people with disabilities and people with limited mobility. The paper has examined and analyzed statistics, regulations and changes in them, the pros and cons of government measures. The authors have revealed the relationship between the concepts of "a disabled person" and "a person with limited mobility". The consideration of problematic issues has not been limited only by theory or legislation. There have been also provided concrete examples of how to create an accessible environment in all its variety. There has been made a particular emphasis on the analysis of the results of the implementation of the "Accessible Environment" program, which is being implemented at all levels of government and administration. There has been analyzed suburban railway transport. There has been also considered foreign experience where the emphasis was made on the technological component. Taking into account all these aspects, the authors have set the task of developing effective measures to eliminate gaps and deficiencies in legislation, and the experience of other states should be borrowed taking into account local specifics.

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Aleksandra M. Lobanova. Systemic problems of cross-border exchange of electronic transport documents in the context of digitalization

UDK: 004:334.021:341.24:656


Aleksandra M. Lobanova - Candidate of Economic Sciences, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Informational technologies in jurisprudence and management documentation’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The digital transformation of economic sectors creates both completely new challenges and new requirements for existing practices and agreements, and this directly concerns transport and accompanying documents in the activities of Russian transport and logistics, such as invoices (bill of lading), certificates for international road freights and others. Taking into account the acute urgency of organizing cross-border electronic exchange of legally significant transport documents, the current paper has presented the analysis of the mechanism for ensuring the legal significance and power of a document in the cross-border exchange of paper documents, since it has already been formed and now works in cross-border international cooperation. The formed organizational and technological mechanisms, based on information and communication technologies, must maintain the same level of legal power and significance of an electronic document, which is already inherent in a paper document. The paper has systematized the organizational and technological mechanisms for the exchange of electronic transport and shipping documents, such as the unification of format requirements, including an international bill of lading, communication systems to support the exchange of electronic documents, electronic signature of documents, cross-border space of trust, inclusion in the mechanism of a trusted third party and the formation of infrastructure of trusted third parties, mechanisms for ensuring the interoperability of systems, the use of the capabilities of services of digital platforms. These mechanisms have various degrees of approximation to the level of ensuring the legal significance and strength of a paper document, as well as restrictions, and they operate either at the regional or at the narrow industry level. The presented study results made it possible to formulate the questions that should be answered to ensure the cross-border exchange of electronic documents of legal significance.

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