Статьи рубрики | Information and legal enforcement of transport activity and security

Scientific specialty:

12.00.13 “Information law”

Viktor Al. Dubovitsky, Nikolay S. Okorokov, Evgeny R. Yapparov. Concept of cognitive modules to justify possible application of general artificial intelligence in the transport industry

UDK: 004.81


Viktor Al. Dubovitsky - Russian University of Transport

Nikolay S. Okorokov - Russian University of Transport

Evgeny R. Yapparov - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Currently, the largest IT companies in the world are actively developing elements of a new generation of artificial intelligence. Such systems are theoretically capable to perform the main types of mental and cognitive activities inherent in humans. All these developments are gradually becoming an integral part of the coming changes in the field of intelligent computing. The transport industry also cannot stay away from these global trends, that makes to realize the necessity for further development and production of both individual elements of artificial intelligence, and universal intelligent systems. The current paper has considered the limitations of existing artificial intelligence systems and substantiated the necessity to develop a general artificial intelligence system based on a model of cognitive modules that use both “traditional” algorithms and machine learning algorithms in their structure.

Статья целиком →

Lyudmila M. Maleshina, Anna V. Khorosheva. Introduction of intelligent transport technologies as a method to improve transport safety

UDK: 627.7/.8:656.08


Lyudmila M. Maleshina - Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate professor, Russian University of Transport

Anna V. Khorosheva - Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Vladimir Law Institute of the FPS of Russia


Abstract. The current paper has presented the study results to determine the safety level on Russian roads, as well as the residents’ confidence in innovative transport technologies. In the work there have been set the tasks to determine the level of injuries as a result of road traffic accidents and the main causes of their occurrence; features of Russian citizens’ attitude to intelligent transport technologies that can reduce the role of the human factor, and the effect of mistakes made by drivers. Statistical analysis was based on open data from the state bodies of the Russian Federation. There has been determined that despite the decreased absolute number of incidents, the severity of their consequences remains at a high level. There has been identified the main reason of traffic accidents, such as non-compliance with the traffic rules by drivers. The author has concluded that the introduction of intelligent technologies in transport, such as unmanned vehicles, is necessary to significantly reduce accident rate and traffic injuries. But the safe and efficient use of unmanned vehicles is only possible with high consumers’ confidence in technological innovations. The paper has focused on the fact that with the active introduction of digital technologies, their use is impossible without the preparation of an appropriate regulatory framework.

Статья целиком →

Sergey A. Pravkin, Vera V. Smirnova. Information technology in the transport sector: legal aspect

UDK: 004.89:656


Sergey A. Pravkin - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law’, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport

Vera V. Smirnova - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law’, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The digital transformation of transportation is a consequence of the implementation of transportation into a digital format. Electronic methods of signing a transport contract are of great urgency. The current paper has established that a variety of digital contracts promote rapid development of the transportation market. Information technologies, which are the subject of the contract, are of great importance in the field of transportation. In addition, an important point is to obtain an affordable transport service using information services. Therefore, such services should be developed in transport. The authors of the current paper have concluded that it is necessary to create a new unified operating system for transport management by means of digital technologies and ensure its legal regulation.

Статья целиком →

Vladimir Ev. Chebotarev. Issues of information systems’ security enforcement

UDK: 004.056.5(075.8)


Vladimir Ev. Chebotarev - Candidate of Economical Sciences, docent, associate professor of the department “Administrative law, ecological law, information law” of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The problem of information systems’ security and, consequently, information as a key resource in the modern information society is something that all participants of information interaction in all ICT environment sectors face in one way or another. The current paper has analyzed the scientific and legislative approaches to the definition of the concept and essence of the information system, the typology of information systems. As a result, there has been proposed the author’s approach to definition of the investigated object, there has been identified the problem of “trust in the ICT environment”. The author has focused on the uncertainty of the legal regime of information systems, which directly has a negative impact on the efficiency of communication management in information systems and their protection from criminals.

Статья целиком →

Aleksey N. Loskutov. New requirements in aviation security. Harmonization of aviation and transport security

UDK: 347.822.4


Aleksey N. Loskutov - inspection shift supervisor of the SAB JSC “Airport Abakan”, Khakass State University named after N.F. Katanov


Abstract. The relevance of the current study is due to the importance of the security of air transportation, the degree of which directly depends on the timely availability of a legal and regulatory procedure for its regulation. In the context of the worldwide development of digital technologies, information security of civil aviation plays an important role in the safe operation of the country's air fleet. The author of the paper has analyzed international and national law in terms of protecting transport infrastructure and vehicles from unauthorized interference in air traffic control systems and transmission of critical information, within the framework of the legislation on aviation and transport security. The current study has used formal logical and comparative methods. Based on the study results, there have been formulated conclusions on the priority tasks of the legislator to bring national law to a unified position, according to the established international practice of ensuring civil aviation security of.

Статья целиком →

Tatiyana An. Polyakova, Ignat S. Boychenko, Nataliya An. Troyan. Information and legal support of information security in the transport sector in the context of digital development

UDK: 656:005.932


Tatiyana An. Polyakova - Doctor of Law, main researcher, acting head of the sector of information law and international information security of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, honored lawyer of the Russian Federation

Ignat S. Boychenko - Candidate of Law, researcher of the sector of information law and international information security of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Nataliya An. Troyan - researcher of the sector of information law and international information security of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences


The current paper was prepared as part of the implementation of the state assignment of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Legal regulation of the digital economy, artificial intelligence, information security” (No. 0136-2021-0042).

Abstract. The current paper deals with the information and legal support of information security in the transport sector in the context of digital development. Thus, the development of information and telecommunication technologies and the digitalization of public relations have also affected the field of transport and transport services. There have appeared not only new transportation means, such as unmanned aircraft, but there are also being introduced information systems related to the identification of passengers in transport. The development of electronic interaction between various subjects of information exchange in transport is a consequence of the global digitalization of public relations, which creates certain risks of enforcing information security, a threat to the information transport infrastructure.

Статья целиком →

Roman L. Kharlanov. The role of the state in enforcing security of the critical information infrastructure on transport

UDK: 656.078.12


Roman L. Kharlanov - post graduate of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. In connection with the increased role of information security in general, as well as against the background of the Federal Law “On the Security of the Critical Information Infrastructure of the Russian Federation” that has been in effect for almost four years, the issue of enforcing information security on transport and the role of state bodies authorized to solve relevant problems is of great relevance. There have been used formal logical and historical methods in the current study. As a result of the study, the author has formulated conclusions about the priority tasks of state bodies authorized to solve tasks to enforce information security, taking into account new challenges and threats, which, first of all, are due to the most powerful development of end-to-end digital technologies.

Статья целиком →

Aleksandr N. Pimenov, Tahir S. Efendiev. Urgent problems of biometric identification on transport

UDK: 621.9.048.7


Aleksandr N. Pimenov - post graduate of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Tahir S. Efendiev - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law’, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The purpose of the current study was a comprehensive analysis of the legal nature of biometric identification and its significance in the context of the transformation of the transport complex. The main methods used in the study were formal-logical and comparative-legal in order to comprehensively analyze the current legislation of Russia, as well as foreign countries in the field of personal biometric data protection. As a result of the study, there have been substantiated the conclusions about the positive value of the use of biometric identification on transport in order to ensure security, as well as the necessity to increase attention of the legislator to the issue of protecting personal data in general, including biometric data.

Статья целиком →

Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva, Ekaterina V. Ushakova, Dmitriy G. Tkachenko. Implementation and improvement of legal regulation of digital technologies in the transport system of the Russian Federation

UDK: 347.763:656:005.932


Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department ‘Theory of Law, History of Law and International Law’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Ekaterina V. Ushakova - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department of civil law disciplines of the Moscow Finance and Law Faculty, deputy chairman of the Moscow Bar Association “Victoria”, attorney

Dmitriy G. Tkachenko - lawyer of the LLC «Firm of Social Innovations»


Abstract. The modern development of the Russian Federation and the success of socio-economic transformations in the country largely depend on the development of transport, which is a connecting role between the subjects of the state and between economic objects of economic activity. The expansion of the practical implementation of digital technologies in all spheres of life, including transport and transport communications, infrastructure for ensuring the safety of transport communications, stimulate the necessity for the state to develop an administrative and legal mechanism for legal regulation in the field of digital technologies. Nowadays, digital technologies are being used as a tool for road safety. At the same time, the records made using digital technologies serve as evidence of the commission of offenses in the course of traffic. The current paper has demonstrated the introduction of digital technologies in the technical control of road transport for its safe operation during operation on highways. There has been considered the introduction of databases to protect the rights of persons with disabilities as drivers and passengers of road transport. The use of digital banking and specialized fare cards have become a new element of reality, which has led to the necessity to improve the administrative and legal mechanism in regulating fare payments and ensuring data security. The introduction of digital technologies has become a serious improvement in the protection of the rights of people with disabilities, who can now submit documents in digital form, as well as use an electronic reception for applications. The importance of legal regulation of digital technologies, ensuring the cybersecurity of databases, the use of more evidence obtained using digital technologies are the problems identified in the study of the legal support of digital technologies in ensuring the safety of the functioning of transport and its passengers in Russia.

Статья целиком →

Galina Al. Gunderich, Elena V. Latysheva. The role and prospects of artificial intelligence in the field of document flow of transport organizations

UDK: 656.13:681.322


Galina Al. Gunderich - Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate professor of the department of criminal procedure, criminalistics and prosecutor’s participation in criminal proceedings of the Crimean Law Institute (branch) of the University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation

Elena V. Latysheva - Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor, head of the department of documentation and archives of the Crimean Federal University named after V.I. Vernadsky


Abstract. The current paper has studied the role of artificial intelligence in document flow and archives in government and other structures of the Russian Federation. There has been made an attempt to analyze the published works on the research. There have been considered the provisions of the National Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence for the Period up to 2030, approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of October 10, 2019 No. 490 “On the Development of Artificial Intelligence in the Russian Federation”. There have been analyzed the approaches to the implementation of artificial intelligence systems. There has been paid much attention to the issues of digitalization of the prosecutor's office, and to the issue of introducing artificial intelligence technologies into the activities of Russian ministries and federal services. The range of legal problems arising in connection with the use of artificial intelligence technologies is very wide. For this reason, it seems appropriate to study the provisions of the Federal Law of April 24, 2020 No. 123-FZ “On conducting an experiment to establish special regulation in order to create the necessary conditions for the development and implementation of artificial intelligence technologies in the constituent entity of the Russian Federation: in the city of federal significance Moscow and amendments to Articles 6 and 10 of the Federal Law “On Personal Data” and analyze them for practical use. There have been determined the prospects for the use of artificial intelligence in the field of document flow.

Статья целиком →