Статьи рубрики | Transport economy

Scientific specialty:

08.00.05 “Economy and national economy management”

Alla V. Pavlova. Legal aspects of the digital transformation of railway transport and logistics

UDK: 347.463:656.2


Alla V. Pavlova - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department 'Customs Law and Organization of the Customs Affairs' of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Modern information technologies and technical means, together with the development of scientific and technological progress, eliminate the boundaries between technology and science and contribute to the penetration of innovation in all spheres and sectors of the economy and society. The formation of a digital economy is a strategic development goal of the Russian Federation. Various spheres and sectors of the Russian economy are going through a digital transformation based on digital technologies. Railway transport and logistics related to the field of transport and logistics are no exception. The current paper discusses the current legal and regulatory aspects governing the transport and logistics field in Russia on the example of railway transport logistics and the regulation of its digitalization. These legislative documents make it possible to carry out digital public regulation and management in order to achieve the goals and maximum effect.

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Elena N. Rudakova, Olga Al. Dmitrieva, Dmitriy Ev. Morkovkin. The ways to improve the organization of export freight of raw materials through railway border entries, taking into account the customs aspects

UDK: 339.562.4


Elena N. Rudakova - Doctor of Political Sciences, docent, head of the department ‘Customs law and organization of the customs affairs’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Olga Al. Dmitrieva - Candidate of Economic Sciences, deputy director of the Law Institute on Strategy of Development, associate professor of the department of ‘Customs law and organization of the customs affairs’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Dmitriy Ev. Morkovkin - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department ‘Customs Law and Organization of the Customs Affairs’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. At present, Russia is an important participant in foreign economic activity, as it supplies such raw materials as oil, gas, metals, minerals, coal and timber. In addition to the implementation of export and import procedures, transit freights are carried out in Russia due to the convenient location of our country connecting Europe and Asia. The key importer of Russian raw materials is the Republic of China, which annually increases the volume of export railway freights. In conditions of general liberalization of transport processes, maintaining the regulatory role of the state for coordinating the field of transport and links of the transport chain, international transport cooperation and developing international transport ports of entry , it is necessary to take into account that when organizing export freight of raw materials one of the problems is an objective assessment of their cost and calculation of the freight fee confirmed by the permission to export goods from the customs territory of the Russian Federation, which the authors are trying to solve.

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Sergey A. Pravkin, Vera V. Smirnova. Legal basis for the implementation of railway infrastructure investment projects

UDK: 347.463:656.2


Sergey A. Pravkin - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department 'Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law' of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Vera V. Smirnova - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department 'Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law' of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The current paper discusses the mechanism of state investment management in the field of transport. Public investment management is closely connected with the establishment of a legal framework. For transport projects, this is primarily the creation of a legal framework for investment activities in transport. Currently, Russia is dominated by railway transport. Therefore, the importance of legal regulation of the entire railway infrastructure is growing significantly. The purpose of the state is to harmonize legislation, create conditions and guarantees for railway infrastructure investment, which, due to its length and significance, can become the basis for the development of the economy of the whole country.

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Aleksey V. Gubin. Problems of allocation of transport costs in the structure of the customs value of goods

UDK: 339.562.4


Aleksey V. Gubin - Candidate of Economic Sciences, docent, associate professor of the department 'Customs Law and Organization of the Customs Affairs' of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The current paper discusses the problem of allocation of transport costs in the customs value of goods, which is used for their taxation by various types of customs payments and the application of customs regulation measures. Manipulations of transportation costs by foreign trade participants is one way to understate the customs value of goods. At the same time, there are difficulties to isolate the amount of transportation costs from the price actually paid or liable to be paid, if they were paid not by the buyer, but by the seller. As a result, the buyer has no documents confirming the costs. Therefore, the customs authorities, when examining the customs value of goods, refuse to deduct transportation costs upon arrival of goods to the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union due to the fact that the declarant cannot reasonably isolate them from the value of goods and confirm with documents. One way out of this situation is to exercise the right of the declarant to justify the inability to present the required documents, while submitting other documents and/or information confirming the right to deduct transportation costs, which should be taken into account by the customs authority. However, the final decision on the validity of these deductions is to be taken by the customs authorities, which do not always meet the needs of foreign trade participants in this issue.

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Irina Iv. Shatskaya. Features of organization and legal regulation of the accounting at transport enterprises

UDK: 657.22:656.13


Irina Iv. Shatskaya - Candidate of Economic Sciences, docent, associate professor of the department of administrative law, ecological law, information law, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Legal regulation of the accounting at transport enterprises includes a set of federal, industry standards, recommendations and standards of an economic entity. A feature of the accounting organization at transport enterprises is that in addition to federal, industry standards, recommendations and standards of an economic entity, the accounting at transport enterprises is conducted on the basis of the acts and provisions of the Ministry of Transport of Russia. Transport enterprises, due to their specific nature, are engaged in the transportation of goods, passengers; they perform loading and unloading, preparation, forwarding and storage of cargo, which determines a number of features in the organization and maintenance of accounting. The peculiarity in the work of transport enterprises is that they use the regulatory legal documents of a cargo transportation system, which are also used by accounting departments of transport enterprises. In addition, the accountants of the transport enterprises apply the legal regulations of a more private order, such as traffic rules, rules for the technical operation of vehicles and their maintenance, etc. Proper accounting organization at transport enterprises with competent, timely compliance and execution of laws, regulations, accounting regulations, accounting policies, provisions of the Ministry of Transport of Russia, legislative and regulatory documents on which the transport system is based, will allow developing favorable conditions for goods and passengers’ transportation and will result in a stable, successful activity of transport enterprises in the future.

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Sergey A. Pravkin, Vera V. Smirnova. Legal management mechanism of transport sector investments adjusted for the use of individual models of public-private partnership

UDK: 332:347.463


Sergey A. Pravkin - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of administrative law, ecological law, information law, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Vera V. Smirnova - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of administrative law, ecological law, information law, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The paper deals with the legal management mechanism of transport sector investments adjusted for the use of individual models of public-private partnership. According to the analysis of application of the existing transport, civil and investment legislation, there has been made a conclusion about drawbacks of the implementation of the public-private partnership mechanism in the transport sector adjusted for the insufficient use of fiscal policy measures. For the effective implementation of economic growth models, there has been proposed to use measures of optimal legal regulation, a budget control and incentives. Due to the purpose, there is a great need to develop a system to protect capital investments, to provide a national treatment and an investment legislation stability. According to the conducted study, there have been proposed new legal measures that increase the investment attractiveness in the transport sector due to the use of various models of public-private partnership.

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Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva. The problem of financial and legal regulation of transport service digitalization

UDK: 347.73:656


Ekaterina Iv. Kobzeva - Candidate of Law, associate professor of the department of theory of law and natural resource law, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Rapid development of modern technologies based on the use of a distributed registry and other informational innovations has led to the development of a fundamentally different system of economic relations, called "digital". One of the key medium-term activities of the Russian Federation is a digital economy development. At present, digitalization is a major factor in the transport infrastructure and transport service development. The issue of transport sector modernization is of a key importance in many foreign strategies to develop the digital economy. To improve digital economy, there is a great need in uniform legal provisions, and at the same time, this set of laws should not hinder the spread of innovations and progress in digital economy. The article deals with issues related to transport service changes during the transitional period to a digital economy. In order to preserve and expand market positions, many countries are trying to digitalize national economies, which causes problems in legal regulation, namely the lack of uniform legal provisions, a unified approach to financial and legal regulation in the field of digital transport services. The author has concluded that one of the key problems is that technologies are developing rapidly, and the legislation is in danger of falling behind.

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Olga Al. Grishanova, Svetlana An. Alekseeva. The features of financial support for public transport in municipalities

UDK: 656:352(1 21)


Olga Al. Grishanova - Doctor of Economic Sciences, professor, the head of the Training and Business Center at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Ivanovo Region

Svetlana An. Alekseeva - Candidate of Economic Sciences, deputy head of the department of science and innovations, the Department of Science and Technology Policy and Education of the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia


Abstract. In order to ensure the organization of transport services for the population both within rural settlements and between settlements within the boundaries of a municipal district, financial support is required by the state and municipal authorities of the carriers. Automobile passenger enterprises suffer from losses due to the low level of passenger traffic in the settlements and state regulation of prices. The pooling of financial resources is possible through inter-municipal agreements. The financial support for public motor transport in municipalities is based on the Federal Law No. 131-FZ of October 6, 2003, in which the creation of conditions for transport services to the population and the organization of transport services within the boundaries of the settlement and between settlements within the boundaries of the municipal district are of great importance nowadays.

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Olga Al. Dmitrieva. Recommendations on the improvement of the customs transit procedure application in the Russian Federation during road freight transportation

UDK: 339.5


Olga Al. Dmitrieva - Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Transport support is a system of technical, technological, economic, legal and organizational elements that are interrelated. Technical elements are characterized by physical and chemical properties of goods, as well as operational parameters of vehicles. Technological elements of transport support are aimed to improve the quality of transport services while minimizing costs. Economic elements are in the methods of state regulation of foreign economic activity. The legal elements are international treaties and agreements on the use of vehicles. Organizational elements of transport support comprise information support of transport processes of foreign economic activity. Transport support of foreign economic activity is carried out through the use of certain types of transport. It is worth noting that the specific mode of transport affects the nature of transport support, which is determined by expediency and efficiency. The peculiarity of road transport is that it is one of the widely used and it allows delivering goods according to the “door-to-door” scheme, i.e. from the departure place to the destination place without loading. In the article the author has attempted to reflect the problems and recommendations to improve the customs transit procedure application in the Russian Federation during road freight transportation. It has been also described the prerequisites to implement a unified computerized transit system (ECTS), taking into account international experience and the experience of the Eurasian Economic Union. The author has analyzed foreign experience in the customs transit procedure with the automated systems.

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Sergey A. Pravkin. Implementation of the mechanism of public-private partnership in the transport sector

UDK: 658.115.33


Sergey A. Pravkin - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of administrative law, ecological law, information law, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT)


Abstract. The article deals with the problems of financing and co-financing in the implementation of investment projects in the framework of public-private partnership in the transport sector. As a public-private partnership is considered to be one of the important tools for infrastructure transformations, the author explores the mechanism to coordinate public and private interests to implement socially significant projects. There is being conducted a comparative legal analysis of transport and investment legislation in relation to public-private partnership agreements. Accordingly, the implementation of the mechanism of public-private partnership in the transport sector is being also analyzed. The article discusses the means to implement the investment policy, the models of risk distribution between the state and private business. The author justifies the importance of organizational and legal guarantees for a private partner, as it is the main methodological and procedural means and conceptual approach of the study to protect the investor from adverse changes in national legislation. Structural development of the transport system according to the Transport Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030 is connected with the need to develop various forms within the framework of signed agreements on public-private partnership. The author proposes measures and forms of interaction between public authorities and investors to implement transport projects with a long payback period. The attention has been paid that implementation of public-private partnership in the transport sector and the implementation of structural reforms in all modes of transport result in the decentralization of management and an increase in the share of private capital. In the implementation of the Transport Strategy, the use the public-private partnership mechanism can reduce the budget burden by attracting private investment in socially important sectors of the economy. This approach is a factor in the market demonopolization and can ensure competitive procedures in transport projects. The mechanism of public-private partnership in transport allows attracting real investment, protecting the domestic market, since only a Russian legal entity can be a private partner. Improvement of the mechanism of public-private partnership in the transport industry expands the possibility of transport campaigns to participate in investment activities. According to the analysis of the current transport and investment legislation, the article concludes that there is a certain imperfection in the implementation of the public-private partnership mechanism in transport, including the insufficient use of fiscal policy measures. Budget allocations in accordance with the budget classification should be synchronized with the plans for the implementation of investment agreements, taking into account the effect of limits of budgetary obligations. The main problems in the implementation of this mechanism are not fully concerted substantive and procedural and legal aspects. In this regard, it has been proposed to use the methodological basis of financial and budgetary regulation for high-quality coordination and execution of projects from both sides.

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