Статьи рубрики | History of transport law

Scientific specialty:

12.00.01 “Theory and history of law and state; History of doctrine of law and state”

Yury V. Kosolapov, Anna Al. Sivova. Special railway transport for transportation of offenders in Russia in the 1950-1980s

UDK: 348.3


Yury V. Kosolapov - Candidate of Chemical Sciences, associate professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Anna Al. Sivova - Candidate of Philological Sciences, leading researcher of Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia


Abstract. In the second half of the XIX-th century the railways revolutionized not only in economics and in military affairs, but also in prisoners’ escort. It was then that a special railway transport appeared to transport offenders in Russia. It improved from cars for prisoners’ transportation of the late XIX-th century - the beginning of the 20th century, which were referred to by the people in different historical periods as "arvagon", "krasnukha", "teplushka", "stolypinskaya", to the wagons of the new generation. The crucial changes in the technical equipment of special cars/wagons occurred in the 1950-1980s.

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Yury Iv. Petrov. Development of transport routes and legislation under the reign of Catherine II

UDK: 340.14


Yury Iv. Petrov - Candidate of Historical Sciences, docent, associate professor of the department of customs law and organization of the customs affairs, Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The paper deals with the government measures of Catherine II, aimed at developing land and waterways in Russia, as the empress’s understanding of the transport industry role in the development of trade, industry and the entire economy. Practical steps in the transport business were connected with new personnel appointments and giving broad authority to the industry-leading department of the State Road Construction Office. The paper presents the provisions of the Charter with the goals of the Office, as well as the report of the new head of the Road department with a detailed analysis of the state roads construction and repairing technologies through the years, and considerations about the further construction and repair of roads and bridges. The paper shows the importance that the Empress gave to the waterways. She paid great attention to the construction and operation of canals. The Empress's special care was the Vyshnevolotskaya water system, to which she paid close attention and which she personally visited many times. For a long time, the lack of a legal base was a serious obstacle to the trade of Russian merchants through waterways. The analysis of the Merchant Shipping Charter of 1781 has shown how many controversial issues were solved with its introduction, which rights and obligations of ship owners, their employers and employees were determined, which finally led to the expansion of trade relations in the country and outside.

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Yuriy A. Tarasenko. Legal transportation design according to the Merchant Shipping Charter of 1781

UDK: 656(09)


Yuriy A. Tarasenko - Candidate of Law, senior lecturer of the department of civil law, international private law and civil procedure, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The contract of sea (river) freight transportation is closely related to the development of trade. Russia (Rus’) was originally formed as a land power state, which had very limited access to the sea. As a result, such an important instrument of trade as maritime transport was legally formed only at the end of the XVIII century, and was associated with the adoption of the Merchant Shipping Charter of 1781. Sea transportation was carried out on the basis of the contract. However, the legal regulation of this agreement in the Charter was extremely inconsistent and unclear. In Russia of that period, there were a few legal institutions necessary for the practical implementation of activities for the commercial freight transportation by sea. Sea transportation is a complex set of legal and actual actions that require regulations. The article has made an attempt to analyze the legal relations arising from the conclusion of the contract of freight transportation by sea and find out its features.

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Viktoriya V. Zakharova. Railway as an instrument of geopolitics

UDK: 656.2


Viktoriya V. Zakharova - Candidate of Historical Sciences, associate professor of the department of theory of law, history of law and international law, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Railway construction in key areas has always been of particular importance and could easily become a system-forming factor for the further development of the region. The role of the most important highways is difficult to overestimate, because they influenced on natural environment, technical progress, development of engineering thought, social transformation, international trade, city formation, socio-cultural processes, changes in the labor market, political processes at the regional and global levels. That is why the study of the complex, system-forming effect of railway construction on other areas of society’s life remains relevant today [1, p. 66-72]. The article deals with the complex impact of railway construction on all spheres of social development, analyzes the influence of geopolitical interests on the railway development in the conditions of the global economy in the XIX — XX centuries, discusses the conditions for the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway (CERW) and the problems arose before its designers and builders.

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Yury Iv. Petrov. Historiography of the railway legislation of Russia in the late XIX-th — early XX-th centuries

UDK: 94(47):656.2


Yury Iv. Petrov - Candidate of History, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Customs Law and Organization of the Customs Affairs’, Law Institute, Russian University of Transport (MIIT)


Abstract. The article provides an analysis of the works of scholars and public figures of the late XIX-th - early XX-th centuries, who investigated various aspects of the railway business. The authors consider the issues that were acute in the transport industry at the period of their direct practical activity when there was active railway construction and operation. These works are still relevant nowadays and, of course, are of great scientific interest. The work of A. A. Golovachov, considered in the article, does not contain an analysis of the railway legislation, but his critical assessment of government activity in this area influenced on the formation of the legal framework of the railway business. The work of S. Yu. Vitte made a significant contribution to the development of the theory of tariffs, and then its practical implementation. In his work he managed not only to show the importance of the tariffs for the state, but also to convincingly prove this. The work of I. M. Rabinovich gave a critical analysis of the General Statute of the railways. It provided a systematization, criticism and legal explanation of the conditions of transportation and tariff rules on the Russian railways. In his three-volume work based on the study of numerous archival documents N. A. Kislinsky was able to show the role of the Committee of Ministers as an executor of the state railway policy.

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Tarasenko Yuriy A. The contract features of goods transportation according to Naval Charter of 1720 (the Charter of single-stickers)

UDK: 347.463:94(47)


Tarasenko Yuriy A. - candidate of Law, senior lecturer of the department "Civil law, International private law and Civil procedure", Law Institute, Russian University of Transport (MIIT)


Abstract. Until the beginning of the XVIII century, the problems connected with carriage of goods were solved by the customary law, or were fragmentary mentioned in some treaties of North-West Russia with the Hanseatic League. Naval Charter (the Charter of single-stickers) adopted in 1720 began nationwide legal regulation of the activities of sea-carriers and traders-owners of cargo. It was the first time when the rights and obligations of the parties were determined, the issues of distribution of responsibility for cargo loss or damage during transportation were regulated. The paper attempts to provide legal qualification of the contract between the carrier and the owner of the goods, to determine its essential conditions. The conducted analysis of the Charter provisions allows us to conclude that the matter of the agreement was not only cargo shipping. The treaty was of a mixed character; the duty of the carrier was not only to carry out the transportation, but also to load the goods. But the most important thing is that since the introduction of the Naval Charter (Charter of single-stickers) Russia has made a transition to the carriers’ professional responsibility in carrying out their cargo shipping activities.

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Petrov Yury Iv. Legal regulation of roads in Russia during the reign of Anna Ioannovna

UDK: 656(091):94(47)


Petrov Yury Iv. - candidate of History, docent, associate professor of the department "Customs Law and Organization of the Customs Affairs", Law Institute, Russian University of Transport (MIIT)


Abstract. The article considers the legal aspects, adopted during the reign of Anna Ioannovna, the aim of which was to improve land roads in Russia. The analysis of few decrees shows the governmental efforts to build roads, to improve local and general management in this field, to take care of merchants and people, involved into road building.

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Petrov Yu. Development of waterways and shipping facilities in Russia in the era of «Palace coups»

UDK: 656.62:94(47)


Petrov Yu. - candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, professor of «The customs law and customs affairs» of the Law institute of Russian university of transport


Abstract. The article deals with the measures of the government in the post-Peter I era aimed at the development of waterways and shipping facilities. The efforts made by the government to update the shipping fleet and maintain the system of canals and river ways of communication are shown.

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Petrov Yu. Development of communication routes and transport legislation in the Peter´s I era

UDK: 656(091)


Petrov Yu. - candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, professor of «The customs law and customs affairs» of the Law institute of Russian university of transport


Abstract. The article discusses the practical steps of Peter The great, aimed at the development of communication routes and transport legislation in the state. Particular attention is paid to the waterways, the development of which was carried out through the construction of canals, measures that contributed to the renewal of the commercial fleet of ships and the legal regulation of these processes.

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Matveeva A. How forged our victory — the soviet rear during the Great Patriotic war

Experience of legal support of the functioning of the transport system during the Great Patriotic War (Moscow, Law Institute of MIIT, November 29, 2017)


UDK 94.47


Matveeva A. - candidate of historical sciences, associate professor history and culturology, Moscow state automobile and road state technical University


Abstract. The Great Patriotic war is also a battle of economies, patterns of mobilization and organization industry, as well as the struggle of workers. The article discusses key issues related to mobilizing the Soviet people to repel the enemy. Debunk the myths about the state of logistics and the development of the Soviet economy of the war period.

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