To exclude cases of violation of publication ethics, the conflict of interests of all parties involved in the process of publication should be excluded. The conflict of interests arises if the author, reviewer or member of the Editorial Board has financial, scientific or personal relationships that may affect their actions. Such relationship is considered as dual commitment, competing interests, or competing loyalties.
To avoid a conflict of interests, in accordance with the accepted ethical standards of the journal, each of the parties are obliged with the following responsibilities.
The editor must:
- transfer the text of the article for the examination to another member of the Editorial Board if the originally selected reviewer has a conflict of interests with the author of the article, which is under consideration for possible publication in the journal;
- request from all participants of the publication process the information on the possibility of competing interests;
- make a decision on the publication of the information specified in the author's letter concerning the conflict of scientific and / or financial interests, if it is not confidential and may have an impact on the evaluation of the published work by the reader or the scientific community;
- ensure that the amendments are published if the information on conflict of interests is received after the publication of the article.
The author must:
- provide in the cover letter existing and possible sources of conflict of interests;
- specify the organization (one or more) affiliated to the author and funding sources, provided for conducting the research;
- if there is no conflict of interests, the author must indicate this fact in the application form for publication.
The reviewer must:
- inform the editor-in-chief on existing conflict of interests (double obligations, competing interests) and refuse to carry out peer-review of the text of the article.