Pavel B. Afanasiev. Persons who commit corruption crimes on transport: criminological aspect
Pavel B. Afanasiev - senior lecturer of the department ‘Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport
Abstract. Corruption committed in the transport sector and recognized as part of corruption crime in the Russian Federation has specific characteristics that predetermine the necessity for its independent criminological study. The criminological characteristics of corruption at transport facilities involves the study of quantitative and qualitative indices that give an idea of both the crimes committed and the persons who commit them. The available scientific research was mainly devoted to estimation of the state of corruption in transport. In order to comprehensively estimate the criminogenic situation in the analyzed area and due to the existence of a corelation between the parameters of crime and persons responsible for committing crimes, the current paper has also presented an up-to-date brief analysis of corruption on transport, determining its share in the structure of all corruption cases registered in the Russian Federation, dynamics in the period from 2015 to 2019, as well as territorial distribution by federal districts of the Russian Federation. Presenting the quantitative and qualitative indices characterizing the parameters of the detection of persons guilty in corruption at transport facilities, the authors have compared and characterized the trends in registered corruption and the detection of perpetrators in the period from 2015 to 2019. There have been also presented the dynamics of the number of persons identified for committing corruption crimes at transport facilities in the analyzed period. There have been analyzed statistical data on the structure of corruption criminality in order to identify index corruption crimes, and also classified executives who committed corruption crimes at transport facilities, according to the bodies and organizations in which they held relevant positions at the time of the crime.
Keywords: corruption; corruption crimes; identity of an offender; bribery; executive.
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