Pavel B. Afanasiev, Georgy F. Koimshidi. Status and trends of juvenile delinquency in transport
Pavel B. Afanasiev - Candidate of Law, associate professor, Russian University of Transport
Georgy F. Koimshidi - Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate professor, ARRI MDA of RF
Abstract. As an independent object of forensic study of transport security threats, there have been identified a state and trends of juvenile delinquency at transport infrastructure facilities. It is impossible to predict and plan a strategy for combating juvenile delinquency at transport facilities in the absence of an idea of the scale and trends in the development of a criminal phenomenon. The current paper has presented an analysis of the official statistics of the Federal State Institution “GIAC of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia”, reflecting the number of crimes committed by juveniles at transport infrastructure facilities, and the number of persons identified for committing the analyzed crimes, in the period from 2017 to October 1, 2022. Forensic analysis of official statistical data was based on the methods of the increasing year and the sliding year, which allowed to consider seasonal variations in juvenile delinquency. Based on a monthly analysis of statistical data for the period from 2017 to 2022, the authors have graphically presented the wave-like dynamics of juvenile delinquency at transport infrastructure facilities with an upward trend and the number of detected juveniles who have committed crimes, with a downward trend. Data reflecting the geography of juvenile delinquency in transport have shown that most of the analyzed crimes are investigated by the transport departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the Central and Volga Federal Districts, which is predetermined by the peculiarities of the branching and length of transport routes and infrastructure in Russia. The study of the degree of public danger of juvenile delinquency at transport infrastructure facilities has been presented by analyzing the indicators of the structure of crime according to the category of crimes committed by juveniles and the index of severity of juvenile delinquency.
Keywords: juvenile delinquency in transport; crime trends; structure of crime; crime severity index.