Aleksandr Ig. Zemlin. Legal problems of innovative development of the transport industry

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Aleksandr Ig. Zemlin - Doctor of Law, professor, honored scientist of the Russian Federation, Russian University of Transport

Abstract. The current paper has presented the main provisions of the report delivered by the author at the International Scientific and Practical Round Table “Theoretical and Applied Perspectives of Legal Support for the Development of the Economy”, organized by the faculty of law of the Belarus State University and the Institute of management personnel of the academy of management under the president of the Republic of Belarus and held on October 21, 2022, at the Belarus State University. Due to the special importance of transport for the economy, the achievement of geopolitical unity and the sovereignty of any country, the necessity for clear and complete legal support and systematic organizational ordering of activities in this area using public law regulation is of great urgency. In modern conditions of Russian reality, the degree of rigor of the legal regulation of transport relations naturally increases. The development of innovative technologies and increase of the autonomy of transport through the use of an automated driving system entail a paradigm shift in the legal regulation of relations in the field of traffic management. The increasing use of highly automated vehicles determines a departure from the previously unshakable postulates about the necessity to ensure a constant driver’s control when driving a vehicle and the presumption of responsibility (including innocent) of the owner of a source of increased danger for damage caused by a car. The objectives of the work were to study the current state and prospects for the legal regulation of relations associated with the use of highly automated vehicles, for the presence of shortcomings; search for ways to eliminate conflicts and gaps in legal regulation. In order to understand the meaning of the norms of the current legislation and verify them for their solidity and compliance with the requirements of practice, there were chosen the formal-dogmatic and systemic methods of special legal research as the main search methods used in the work. Based on the study results, there has been concluded that a number of gaps in the legal regulation of relations associated with the introduction and use of highly automated vehicles create significant obstacles to the effective development of the transport complex using innovative technologies. The formulated proposals to eliminate these gaps can serve the purpose of determining directions for further scientific study of problems that are essential for the innovative development of the economy and transport.

Keywords: highly automated car; legal regulation; innovative development.


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