Olga R. Afanasieva, Pavel B. Afanasiev. The state and dynamics of violent crimes committed on transport facilities

UDK: 343.97

Olga R. Afanasieva - Doctor of Law, docent, professor of the department ‘Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Pavel B. Afanasiev - senior lecturer of the department ‘Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport

Abstract. Crime committed on transport facilities is considered as an independent part of the crime of the Russian Federation, since it has special characteristics and development trends due to not only the characteristics of the encroachment objects and the persons committing them, but also the crime scenes, the problems of their investigation, the specifics of the preventive measures, structural features and activities of regional divisions of law enforcement agencies in transport, etc. The current paper has considered the characteristics of the state, dynamics and development trends of modern violent crime committed on transport facilities. For these purposes the objects of research were the index violent crimes (Articles 105-107, 111, 112, 115, 116, 119, 126, 127, 131 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation), which are undoubtedly classified by criminologists as violent and predetermining the dynamics of all violent crime committed on transport facilities. The time period of the study (from 2016 to 2019) has been predetermined not only by the required depth of retrospective analysis, but also by the quality of information support and changes in the structure of reports on the state of crime on transport facilities, which predetermine the comparability of statistical data. The authors of the paper have revealed the state of crime by analyzing the absolute indicators of the registered part of violent crime, determining the proportion of violent crime committed on transport facilities in the structure of transport crime in general, as well as violent crime registered in the Russian Federation for the period from 2016 to 2019. The paper has presented the dynamics of the number of persons identified for committing the analyzed type of crime, as well as the study results of the structure of violent crime on transport facilities and the geography of transport violent crime. In the conclusion, there have been presented the main modern trends in the change in violent crime on transport and the forecasts of its further development.

Keywords: transport security; violent crime; murder; intentional grievous harm to health; rape; a state of crime.


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