Vera V. Smirnova - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport
Sergey A. Pravkin - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department of Administrative Law, Ecological Law, Information Law of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport
Abstract. The current paper has considered the legal regulation of autonomous railway transport in the Russian Federation. Partially or fully autonomous (unmanned) railway transport operates in many countries, including the Russian Federation. The use of unmanned trains will improve carrying capacity, guarantee the transportation security, use energy more efficiently, reduce delays, improve the clarity and promptness of the transportation, since there is no human factor. The technologies in this area are developing rapidly. In the unmanned transport sector, the technologies used on the metro lines have advanced significantly. Therefore, at present, there is a necessity in legal regulation of both autonomous (unmanned) transport in general, and specific types of such transport. The authors have analyzed the Russian legislation and foreign countries, regulating unmanned vehicles. Particular attention has been paid to railway transport. It has been noted that in Russia and abroad there is no proper legal regulation of autonomous (unmanned) railway transport. Automation of railway transportation requires comprehensive measures to ensure the transportation safety. There has been concluded that it is essential to eliminate gaps in domestic legislation by adopting a new law and introducing amendments and additions to the existing legislation.
Keywords: autonomous transport; metro; railway transportation; unmanned transport means; automation; technology.
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