Vladimir Eg. Sudenko - Candidate of Law, docent, associate professor of the department ‘Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics’ of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), honorary worker of higher education of the Russian Federation
Abstract. The current paper has considered the problems that arise when using the knowledge and skills of a specialist in the process of investigating crimes in general and transport crimes in particular. The importance of using the knowledge of a specialist in the investigation of crimes committed at transport infrastructure facilities has been determined by the high complexity of the transport structure of the national economy, quite a few specific features of the functioning of various sectors of transport, including rail, air, sea, waterways and underground. Investigations of transport crimes and other offenses on road transport are no less difficult. All this has determined the particular importance and the extreme necessity to use special knowledge of a very different nature related to the indicated modes of transport. For example, on railway transport they are the spheres of energy supply, electrical circuits, signaling and communications, locomotive and carriage facilities, track facilities, including turnouts and dead ends, bridges and tunnels, station structures, passenger platforms and many others. These features have determined not only the importance to apply special knowledge, but also their particular importance to establish the objective truth in the committed transport crime.
Keywords: investigator; crime; investigation of a criminal case; specialist; forensic scientist; evidence; forensic report.
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