Статьи рубрики | Crimes against traffic safety and transport operation

Sudenko V. Problems of application of forensic technology in the disclosure and investigation of crimes, including in objects of transport infrastructure

UDK: 343.13


Sudenko V. - candidate of legal sciences, associate professor of the department «Criminal law, criminal procedure and forensics» of the Law Institute Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The problematic issues arising among theorists and practitioners regarding the use of the polygraph and the use of the resulting information in the disclosure and investigation of crimes, including the transport infrastructure. Various points of view on this problem are briefly analyzed, expressing an opinion about the use of evidence obtained as a result of the use of the polygraph as evidence, as well as those who exclude such data from the evidence.

Detection of crimes, detection of traces of criminal activity, their fixation, removal and investigation are unthinkable without the application of the provisions contained in the section criminology — criminalistic tactics. The article shows the development of many areas of forensic technology, created by using the latest technical and electronic scientific achievements, as well as computer technologies designed for the purpose of detection, investigation and prevention of crimes. The author reveals the existing obstacles to the wider use of technical and forensic tools in connection with the unresolved procedural issues regarding the confirmation of the admissibility and validity of the use of certain technical and forensic tools. As such, the polygraph-hardware and software complex, allowing to interview a particular person in real time with the simultaneous registration of changes in physiological parameters of the subject for the disclosure and investigation of a specific crime, as well as the use of dogs for identification by smell. Short opinions of both supporters of recognition of the data received with use of a polygraph, as proofs, and their opponents are given.

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Parshakov A. To the question about the features criminal-legal regulation road safety and vehicle operation soldiers

UDK: 343.2/.7.


Parshakov A. - candidate of legal sciences, senior lecturer of the department «Criminal law, criminal procedure and forensics» of the Law Institute Russian University of Transport, senior research fellow, research center (military-scientific information, military-legal problems) Military University of the Ministry of defence Honorary worker of the Prosecutor's office of the Russian Federation, the Colonel of justice of supply


Abstract. The article deals with the problematic issues of traffic safety and operation of military vehicles, especially the criminal law regulation of road safety and operation of transport by military personnel. The author refers to the Prosecutor-investigative and judicial practice, he investigates the most complex issues of differentiation and qualification of crimes of this type.

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Agapov P., Motin O. Public legal signs of the object and the subject of poor-quality repair of vehicles and their release into service with technical malfunctions

UDK: 343.2:629.08


Agapov P. - doctor of law, associate professor, professor of the department «Criminal law, criminal process and criminalistics» of Law Institute Russian University of Transport

Motin O. - ph.d in law, associate professor of the criminal law and procedure Moscow City Pedagogical University


Abstract. Due to the annual increase in the number of vehicles, their safe operation is of particular interest not only from the point of view of the object of criminal law protection, but also the entire socio-economic development of Russian society. Unfortunately, the use of transport as a source of increased danger is inevitably associated with a high level of injury and death. In cases where causing serious harm to health or death to a person during the operation of transport is associated with a violation of the rules of traffic safety and operation of vehicles, there are grounds for establishing in the acts involved in the violation of the rules of persons the presence of signs of transport crimes, including those provided for in article 266 of the criminal The authors categorized and considered taking into account existing public-law prescriptions the signs of the object and the subject of poor-quality repair of vehicles and their release into service with technical malfunctions. As a result, there are proposed unified approaches to the interpretation and application in practice of the characteristics of the object and the subject of the crimes, provided in art. 266 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

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Agapov P., Motin O. The qualification and public legal grounds for distinguishing of the deterioration of vehicles or communications from other crimes and offenses

UDK: 343.346


Agapov P. - doctor of law, associate professor, professor of the department «Criminal law, criminal process and criminalistics» of Law Institute Russian University of Transport

Motin O. - ph.d in law, associate professor of the criminal law and procedure Moscow City Pedagogical University


Abstract. In the article, the rules of qualification and delimitation of the deterioration of vehicles or communication from other crimes and offenses are systematized and considered taking into account the existing public law norms. As a result, measures are proposed for the uniform application in practice of the norms, provided for in Art. 267 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, as well as to minimize damage from transport crimes.

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Shiyan V. Murders on the objects of transport

UDK: 343.346


Shiyan V. - associate professor of the department «Criminal law, criminal process and criminalistics» of Law Institute Russian University of Transport


Abstract. Based on the analysis of the statistical data of the PKU «GIAC of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia», the article contains the criminological description of the current state of murders on the objects of transport. Such information will allow timely and purposefully apply the appropriate crime prevention measures.

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Sudenko V. Drug addiction in Russia and their impact on transport security

UDK: 343.341.1/.342.3


Sudenko V. - associate professor of the department «Criminal law, criminal process and criminalistics» of Law Institute Russian University of Transport


Abstract. The problematic issues of combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues are considered. The reasons for the widespread distribution of drugs among the population, as well as the factors contributing to the transformation of the country, on the one hand, into transit routes for the movement of drugs from Central Asia to Europe, using primarily rail transport, and on the other, to the place of sale of these substances among the Russian population. The international documents — conventions, agreements concerning problems of fight against distribution of drugs and other stupefying substances are resulted.

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