Viktor Iv. Liseenko, Vadim N. Ishchenko. The design of vehicle exhaust systems as a cause of road traffic accidents in the winter: the necessary amendments to the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 018/2011 «On the safety of wheeled vehicles»
Viktor Iv. Liseenko - deputy chief state inspector of State Road Supervision of the North Ural Interregional Directorate of State Road Supervision of Rostransnadzor, the 2nd class advisor to the State Civil Service, applicant of the administrative and municipal law department of the Saratov State Law Academy
Vadim N. Ishchenko - senior state inspector of the territorial department of the State Road Supervision in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug of the North Ural Interregional Directorate of State Road Supervision of Rostransnadzor, the 1-st class public civil service assistant
Abstract. The authors of the current paper have considered one of the technical problems affecting road safety in Yugra in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, and the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug when operating vehicles in low temperatures. Its specificity lies in the design features of the exhaust system of certain models of vehicles. In particular, many car manufacturers of the freight and passenger vehicles structurally design the exhaust pipe (muffler) on the left side of a vehicle. In the winter, when driving on public roads, the temperature of the exhaust gases and the environment is different. As a result, a large amount of white smoke is emitted from the exhaust system of the car, which significantly restricts the visibility of drivers moving from behind in the stream. Consequently, the danger of overtaking in case of smoke and, as a consequence of the limited visibility of the opposite lane, increases the risk of one of the most dangerous types of road traffic accidents, namely a head-on collision of vehicles. The authors have proposed to make the amendments to the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 018/2011 “On the safety of wheeled vehicles”.
Keywords: accident rate; road traffic accident, vehicle exhaust system; muffler.
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