Nikita Iv. Tyulenev - leading legal counsel of the Kaliningrad railways, a branch of the JSCo “RZD”, Master's degree in Law
Abstract. In the conditions of a modern mobile and rapidly developing market, the industrial, processing, and trading enterprises need operational logistics support for their activities. Nowadays railway transport plays an important role in freight market formation, which ensures its stable participation in the transport system of any country. In the Russian Federation, railway transport operates on a partially competitive basis, i.e. partial privatization with a large share of state capital, both from the financing of the industry, and in performing administrative functions. In turn, the railway transport sector in the European Union is mostly represented by private carriers, logistics operators, and the state-owned company is the owner of the transport infrastructure. The developing strategies and programs for railway transport in Russia suggest the formation of a competitive freight market based on the principles of separating transportation services from railway infrastructure services. Taking into consideration the efficiency of the system in European countries, the current paper has analyzed the current legal regulation of the interaction of the carrier and the owner of the infrastructure in Russia and Poland, as a member country of the European Union, where there is a railway freight market with high rates of competition among its members.
Keywords: railway transport; agreement on the use of railway infrastructure; railway transportation/freights; owner of railway infrastructure.
- Tkachenko, Ye. V. Pravovoye regulirovaniye predostavleniya infrastruktury zheleznodorozhnogo transporta obshchego pol'zovaniya [Legal regulation of the provision of the infrastructure of railway transport for general use] // Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava. ― 2008. ― № 10 (142).